Tibet is a mysterious place located about 6600 meters above from sea level. It is called the roof of the earth. Tibet’s average height is around 12,000 meters. Tibet is called the country of god and temple. Tibet is the source of rivers like the Indus, Ganga, and the Brahmaputra. Tibet is also a sacred place for Buddhists, Hindus, and Jains.
It is said that on the occasion of the arrival of Princess Wen Cheng, of the Tang imperial family, the Tibetan King Sontsan Gampo ordered the construction of this magnificent palace with a thousand rooms and pavilions in the year in 631. It occupies an area of 410,000 square meters and has a built surface of 130,000 square meters. It is the summary of the ancient of Tibetan architecture.
The main part has 13 floors and extends from the foot of the hill to the top of it. It includes the White Palace, in the eastern part, which served as the study room and bedroom of the Dalai Lama; the Red Palace, in the central part, destined to the reading of Buddhist sutras, and a room for the stupa in which the mortal remains of the Dalai Lamas of different times are conserved.
To the west, there are the white dormitories for the trusted bonzes that served the Dalai. In front of the Red Palace, there is a white wall where on holidays the great portrait of Buddha is exhibited.
Tibet is a Sacred place of the Buddhists, numerous pilgrims and tourists go there every year. The visit begins at the foot of the hill, where there is a stele without inscriptions. Climb up zigzagging steps and covered with the stone until you reach Puerta del Este, where the effigies of the four guardian gods appear.
Five of the palaces have copper roofs and are painted gold. Its design and construction take into account the sunlight of the plateau, and in its wide and solid foundations, there are tunnels and suction cups. Each room or alcove has a skylight for lighting and ventilation. The columns and beams of the palace are sculpted, and the walls have multicolored murals. Since ancient times, Tibetans have often painted pieces of wood and ceramics. The murals in the Potala Palace total of 2,500 square meters.
The Potala Palace preserves many pieces of iron, copper, gold, and silver, including weapons and breastplates. But there are also liturgical utensils, skins, and leather, textiles, and paper, as well as gold books, stamps, porcelain pieces, emeralds and sculpted jade vessels that the emperors of the national government gave to the Dalai Lama.
In 1961, the Potala Palace was included among the relics under priority state protection. The palace was restored in 1989 with funds appropriated by the Central Government. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994
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